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Thursday, October 20, 2016


Tanvir NewsAnalysis


Mesopotamian Babylon as an entity has been present on this planet for nearly 40 million years. Names have changed and generations have changed. But in the last three thousand years, with the education of western Europe and growth of population there in, Babylon has been facing a problem it has never faced before.

The situation in Mesopotamian Babylon, which includes countries like Iraq, West Iran, Syria, Jordan, Kuwait and Israel in middle East and distant migrations of Mesopotamian Babylonians like Russia, Armenia, Belarus and large proportion of Eastern European population, has changed due to the challenge posed by western Europe and its migrant population in North America and South America.
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This article will not dwell further in this evolutionary historical aspect. But, for the purpose of this article, the demographic study of present day Iraq is instructive. When Islam invaded Babylon and imposed Islam and Arabic on Babylonians, it also killed more than 20% of the Babylonian population of Iraq at that time. This is one of the biggest genocides in the history of mankind. Since than it has prevailed as an occupying force over Iraq, Syria, Iran, Kuwait, and Jordan. Only Israel, at great cost to Babylonian Jewish population has been able to withstand this occupying force.

Now, coming to present day Iraq, the occupying force of Islam has very nearly destroyed the roots and identity of Mesopotamian Babylonians. The occupying Arabs multiplied faster and today constitute nearly 15 to 20% of Iraqi population.

The southern Mesopotamian Babylonians to somehow save their Mesopotamian roots took “Shia Islam” as their occupying force. The northern Mesopotamian Babylonians were more scattered and took “Sunni Islam” as their occupying force. Generally, both kept away from Arabs and tried to keep alive the Mesopotamian Culture and Civilization as much as possible.

But, over a period of time, the Arabs forced themselves on the northern Mesopotamian Babylonians and southern Mesopotamian Babylonians and succeeding in cross breeding with them to some extent. Hence today almost 5 to 10% of Iraqi population is mixed Arab-Mesopotamian and the most un stable lot.

If Iraq is to get back its Mesopotamian Babylonian roots, it will have to unite both the northern Mesopotamian Babylonians and the southern Mesopotamian Babylonians. It will have to develop a government with this historical responsibility in mind. A divided Mesopotamian Babylon Iraq will fall easy prey to enemies, which are plenty.

Though Democracy is a government invented in Mesopotamia but its form has varied over thousands of years and still vary today. The democracy in Mesopotamian Babylon Iraq must reflect its Mesopotamian and Babylonian roots, its Mesopotamian Culture and Civilisation, its population composition and its ground reality.

As a starter, Iraq should shift to a Presidential form of government but a unique Presidential form of government.

Major parties in Iraq will select their Presidential candidates. The candidate getting the highest percentage of vote will become the President. The candidate coming second will become the Vice-President. The candidate coming third will become the Deputy Vice President.
The President will select portfolios and candidates to run various departments.
The Vice President will also be the Interior Minister and will control the police and Internal defence.
The deputy Vice President will also be the defence minister and will look after the defence of the country. But, the President will be the Commander in Chief of all forces.
The combined Vice President and Deputy Vice President with 30% Parliament vote can veto any Law or order by the President.

The Iraqi Parliament will consist of two houses, a Unitary house and a Tribal house. The Unitary house will be elected by the people, with each 100,000 people electing one member.

The Tribal house is more complicated. For this all Tribes in Iraq will have to register at the central registry. To be registered as a Tribe, it should have some historical relevance and the support of at least 10,000 people.
For every 50,000 people of a tribe, the tribe can elect and send one member to the Tribal house. For example a Tribe having 300,000 registered members can elect 300,000 divided by 50,000, maximum 6 members to the Tribal house. Though it can choose to send less than 6 members for what ever reason.

Thus, before election, all Iraqi people will have to register as members of one Tribe or the other and they can vote for that Tribe election only.
This way, the Tribal house will give representation to each Tribe in Iraq.

The Tribal house will have as much voting right as the Unitary house in the government functioning.

Now, coming to revenue sharing, since oil is the major money earner, it's sharing is important. Irrespective of from where the oil is taken out, the proceeds of the sale will be collected by the central government. The Central government will have 40% share of the oil revenues. Rest of 60% revenue will be divided among the various provinces in the ratio of their populations.

For example, it total oil revenue comes to 100,000 iraqi dinar, 40,000 dinar will go to the central government and rest 60% will be divided among various provinces. Suppose there are three provinces A, B and C with populations of 100000, 200000 and 300000 respectively, than their ratio of population is 1:2:3 and the remaining 60,000 oil revenue will be divided in this ratio and proportion with province A getting 10,000 ID, province B getting 20,000 ID and province C getting 30,000 ID.

Similarly other revenues can also be divided between the central government and provinces.

To help build communication, historical languages Sumerian and Assyrian are to be recognised as official languages and their development to be financed by the government. In addition Arabic, Kurdish and English can be retained as the working official languages, with instant translations available in parliament and in media.

Once the President, Vice President and Deputy Vice President are elected along with the Parliament, they can work on the intricacies of the law and other systems to be followed in the country.

© Tanvir Nebuchadnezar

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